Recent Articles


“Are we architects or construction workers?” Re-examining teacher autonomy and turnover in charter schools
A. Chris Torres
Charter school teachers nationwide expressed greater autonomy compared to traditional public school teachers at the turn of the century. But is this trend changing? The recent proliferation of Charter Management Organizations (CMOs), which often have prescriptive organizational models, has raised questions around how teachers perceive autonomy and control in these schools. Researchers...

What makes teachers satisfied with their profession?
Daniel Capistrano, Ana Carolina Cirotto
This article presents an analysis of the level of job satisfaction declared by Brazilian teachers in lower secondary schools. The research was based on results of a comparative survey conducted in 24 countries. This study identifies school factors that are associated with teachers’ job satisfaction and provides some reflections on the impact of the evidence found in the research...

Internationalization of higher education: A study with fellows students of a higher education institution in Brazil
Andrelina Pimentel de Sena, Fátima Regina Ney Matos, Diego de Queiroz Machado, Augusto Marcos Carvalho de Sena
The central theme of this research is the internationalization of education, focusing on the experience of students engaged in academic exchange programs. Our goal was to investigate the implications of participation in international academic exchanges in the process of qualifying students. Thus, this research followed the line of other studies carried out, opting to focus its analysis of...

Desegregation, Accountability, and Equality: North Carolina and the Nation, 1971-2002
Scott Baker, Anthony Myers, Brittany Vasquez
Using North Carolina as a lens to illuminate broader national developments, this paper examines how and why educational policy in the United States turned away from a civil rights agenda of opportunity and embraced test-based accountability as a way of promoting racial equality. We show that comprehensive desegregation, enforcement of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and Great Society...

Towards a Comparative and International History of School Testing and Accountability
Sherman Dorn, Christian Ydesen
The speed and extent of modern school accountability have obscured the history of testing and accountability. This brief introduction identifies central themes of historical research into educational accountability and recurring traits associated with accountability practices. We hope our colleagues and this special issue will also help to identify future research paths in this field. Some of...

The Global Transformation Toward Testing for Accountability
William C. Smith
To ensure equal access to high quality education, the global expansion of universal basic education has included accountability measures in the form of academic tests. Presently the majority of countries participate in national testing; however, the past two decades have seen a substantial shift in test characteristics and aims. This article investigates the global transformation toward...

Nineteenth-Century World’s Fairs as Accountability Systems: Scopic Systems, Audit Practices and Educational Data
Noah W. Sobe, David T. Boven
Late-19th century World’s Fairs constitute an important chapter in the history of educational accountability. International expositions allowed for educational systems and practices to be “audited” by lay and expert audiences. In this article we examine how World’s Fair exhibitors sought to make visible educational practices and institutions for external validation. Focusing especially on...

Testing Like William the Conqueror: Cultural and Instrumental Uses of Examinations
Sherman Dorn
The spread of academic testing for accountability purposes in multiple countries has obscured at least two historical purposes of academic testing: community ritual and management of the social structure. Testing for accountability is very different from the purpose of academic challenges one can identify in community “examinations” in 19th century North America, or exams’ controlling access...

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