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The long journey: Perspectives on the coordination of Chilean higher education

Authors

Jose M. Salazar

Universidad de Valparaiso

Peodair S. Leihy

Universidad de Valparaíso

Keywords: Education policy; higher education; reform; policy change; Chile

Abstract

It is fairly established that Chilean higher education presents a high level of Habermasian “privatism”, as long labeled by José Joaquin Brunner, being among the world's most privatized systems in terms of who pays, who is held to benefit directly from its action and who controls it. Less clear, however, is the contribution of public policy to this state of affairs. The systematic analysis of state action in the field of tertiary education is an ongoing task in Chile, not least given the revolutionary transformation experienced during recent decades. This study offers new possibilities of analysis for the Chilean case. Supported by the methodological analysis of Neil Smelser, it lays out an integrated framework that observes the progressive change in policy with regard to the interactions undergone by its principal dimensions (access, financing and quality, among others).  Upon such a base, the study traces the trajectory of two regimes of sector regulation that become incorporated in three stages, initially by lack of maintenance of the regulatory framework, then by government decision. In the end emerge the conditions for sector policy in a new era, one in which the development of the universities might again come to depend fundamentally on the state.

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Author Biographies

Jose M. Salazar

Universidad de Valparaiso

José es abogado de la Universidad Diego Portales. Obtuvo su PhD en la Universidad de Melbourne (Australia), además de cursar estudios de posgrado en educación superior en Penn State (Estados Unidos). Actualmente, sirve como Vicerrector Académico. Su investigación cubre la gama de interacciones entre median entre las políticas públicas y la educación superior chilena. Particularmente, en el ámbito del aseguramiento  externo de la calidad. Busca capturar dinámicas, procesos y fuerzas que moldean la operación de las universidades y facilitar la actualización de la arquitectura sectorial.

Peodair S. Leihy

Universidad de Valparaíso

Peodair ha estudiado en las Universidades de Melbourne y Oxford. Recientemente ha completado su tesis doctoral en el Centre for the Study of Higher Education (CSHE), y que aborda el problema de la organización de los sistemas de educación superior, en una dimensión histórica.

How to Cite

Salazar, J. M., & Leihy, P. S. (2017). The long journey: Perspectives on the coordination of Chilean higher education. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 25, 4. https://doi.org/10.14507/epaa.25.2550