Evaluation of teachers of basic education: Political tensions and radical oppositions


  • Maria de Ibarrola Center for Research and Advanced Studies




educational reform, teacher evaluation, political analysis, Mexico


This paper focuses upon the enactment and implementation of a National Educational Reform in Mexico, which introduced competitive examinations for teachers entering the newly established Professional Teaching Service of the National Educational System, and compulsory evaluation of all teachers in active service for promotion and tenure.  The analysis describes the (1) aims and intentions of the Reform, (2) the force and errors in its implementation, (3) the opposition of a radical wing of the National Union of Educational Workers, and (4) the social turmoil this confrontation has caused.  A theoretical basis for a political analysis of educational reform is provided, one that includes an understanding of the political nature of the reforms, the distinction between design and implementation, and the use of different categories to provide a solid analytical framework.  It is important to understand the actors of the opposing forces, the aims they pursue, the rationale of their arguments, and the nature of their power. 


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Author Biography

Maria de Ibarrola, Center for Research and Advanced Studies

Maria de Ibarrola is a Professor and high-ranking National Researcher in Mexico, where since 1977 she has been a faculty-member in the Department of Educational Research at the Center for Research and Advanced Studies. Her undergraduate training was in sociology at the National Autonomous University of Mexico, and she also holds a master’s degree in sociology from the University of Montreal (Canada) and a doctorate from the Center for Research and Advanced Studies in Mexico. At the Center she leads a research program in the politics, institutions and actors that shape the relations between education and work; and with the agreement of her Center and the National Union of Educational Workers, for the years 1989-1998 she served as General Director of the Union’s Foundation for the improvement of teachers’ culture and training. Maria has served as President of the Mexican Council of Educational Research, and as an adviser to UNESCO and various regional and national bodies. She has published more than 50 research papers, 35 book chapters, and 20 books; and she is a Past-President of the International Academy of Education.




How to Cite

de Ibarrola, M. (2018). Evaluation of teachers of basic education: Political tensions and radical oppositions. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 26, 53. https://doi.org/10.14507/epaa.26.3819



Historical and Contemporary Perspectives on Educational Evaluation