Education Policy in Portugal


  • Jesus Maria Sousa Universidade da Madeira, Portugal



Educational History, Educational Indicators, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Policy Formation, Political Influences


The Revolution of 25 April 1974 in Portugal put an end to a forty-eight year old dictatorship, opening the country to democracy. The purpose of this article is to describe education reform from the standpoint of a country that experienced a major political transition and had to start from the very beginning to devise an education policy. Rather than merely describing the organization of the Portuguese education system, I present a condensed analysis of Portuguese education policy, as I view it, making use of indicators of the nature of an education system proposed by D'Hainaut (1980).


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Jesus Maria Sousa, Universidade da Madeira, Portugal

Jesus Maria Sousa holds a PhD in Teacher Education from the Centre d'Études et de Recherches en Sciences de l'Éducation in the University of Caen (France) and an MA in Curriculum Analysis and Organisation from the University of Minho (Portugal). Since 1989, she has served as a professor in the Department of Education Sciences in the University of Madeira (Portugal), being responsible for the area of Curriculum Theory and Development. From 1996 to 1998, Dr. Sousa was Vice-Rector of the University of Madeira for Pedagogical and Students Affairs, member of the Regional Education Council, and member of National University Evaluation Council--Fundação das Universidades Portuguesas. She is part of the Research and Development Centre 19 of the Association of Teacher Education in Europe (ATEE), working on Perspectives on Curriculum in Teacher Education, and is member in charge of the international office of the Provisional Bureau for the Société Européenne d'Ethnographie en Éducation, located at Lecce University (Italy). Currently, her research focuses on personal dimensions in teacher education, education ethnography and flexible curricula.




How to Cite

Sousa, J. M. (2000). Education Policy in Portugal. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 8, 5.