Gender Related Differences in Career Patterns of Principals in Alabama


  • William A. Spencer Auburn University
  • Frances K. Kochan Auburn University



Administrator Role, Careers, Demography, Females, Principals, Sex Fairness, Surveys


The purpose of this research was to determine the status of women administrators in the Alabama in terms of demographic and career patterns. A survey was sent to all principals in Alabama. Five hundred-fifty, or 42% of the principals responded. In Alabama, women principals are generally more recent in their position, are somewhat more likely to have come directly from the classroom, and have less mobility in acquiring the position.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

William A. Spencer, Auburn University

William A. Spencer is professor of education and has conducted research both in the U.S. and abroad on factors influencing the academic performance of middle school youth, as well as the causes and consequences of dropping out of high school. He has also studied the relationship between principal leadership and school climate as well as the impact of teacher involvement on teacher perceptions of principal leadership.

Frances K. Kochan, Auburn University

Frances K. Kochan is Director of the Truman Pierce Institute and Associate Professor in Educational Leadership. Her research interests focus on creating collaborative communities, the relationship of beliefs and practice, and the role of educational leaders. She is co-editor of a book on leadership and has published in numerous journals including Theory into Practice, Journal of Teacher Education, and Planning and Changing.




How to Cite

Spencer, W. A., & Kochan, F. K. (2000). Gender Related Differences in Career Patterns of Principals in Alabama. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 8, 9.