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Two decades of confessional religious education in Rio de Janeiro: What is the “belief” in dispute in state public school policy?

Authors

Evelin Christine Fonseca de Souza

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6507-8595

Marcela Moraes de Castro

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1507-8463

Keywords: democracy; religious education; educational policies; public school

Abstract

This paper analyzes political antagonism concerning the offer of religious education in public schools in the state of Rio de Janeiro, in light of policy documents that establish the confessional character of the curriculum and its translation to the school as a context for the action of democratic politics. The  investigation is supported by the post-structuralist perspective  proposed by Chantal Mouffe and investigates the actions of the subjects in the legislative field within disputes over proposals favorable and contrary to the confessional nature of the education. In order to fully capture the school dialogue, we analyze the offer of religious education in the state of Rio de Janeiro through specific responses to the Director’s Questionnaire of the Basic Education Assessment System, from years 2013, 2015, and 2017. The responses to the questionnaires show that the offer of religious education is not mandatory for students, it is not confessional, and there is no offer of alternative activities for those who choose not to enroll. We conclude that although the implementation of religious confessional education in the state of Rio de Janeiro seems to be weakly carried out, other political socialization movements operating within the state articulate moral values ​​inscribed in its disciplinary agenda.

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Author Biographies

Evelin Christine Fonseca de Souza

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

Mestra em Educação (2016) e licenciada em Ciências Biológicas (2012) pela Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Especialista em Educação Básica (Ensino de Biologia) pela Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (2014). Atualmente é doutoranda em Educação pela Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, membro do Grupo de Estudos e Pesquisas dos Sistemas Educacionais (GESED/UFRJ) e professora de Ciências e Biologia vinculada, respectivamente, à Prefeitura Municipal de Queimados e à Secretaria de Estado de Educação do Rio de Janeiro (SEEDUC), Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.

Marcela Moraes de Castro

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

Maestría en Educación por la Universidad Federal de Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) - Brasil (2012). Es becada de CAPES-PrInt por el Programa de Doctoramento en Ciencias de la Educação del Instituto de Educación de la Universidad del Minho (UMinho) - Portugal (2021). Doctoranda en la Universidad Federal de Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) - Brasil. Integrante del Grupo de Estudios e Investigaciones de los Sistemas Educacionales (GESED/UFRJ) - Brasil. Técnica en Asuntos Educacionales de la Universidad Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) - Brasil.

How to Cite

Souza, E. C. F. de, & Castro, M. M. de. (2021). Two decades of confessional religious education in Rio de Janeiro: What is the “belief” in dispute in state public school policy?. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 29(August - December), 173. https://doi.org/10.14507/epaa.29.5761