Markets & Myths: Autonomy in Public & Private Schools


  • Sandra Rubin Glass Arizona State University



Free Enterprise System, Principals, Private Schools, Professional Autonomy, Public Schools, Secondary Education, Teacher Empowerment, Teachers


School choice is the most controversial education policy issue of the 1990s. John Chubb and Terry Moe's Politics, Markets and America's Schools stimulated this investigation. They concluded that teacher and administrator autonomy was the most important influence on student achievement. They assumed that the organization of private schools offered greater autonomy resulting in higher student achievement and that the bureaucracy of public schools stifles autonomy limiting student achievement. The research undertaken here elaborates, elucidates, and fills in the framework of teacher and principal autonomy in public and private secondary schools. Interviews of more than thirty teachers and administrators in six high schools, observations, field notes, and analysis of documents collected in the field form the empirical base of this work. The sites included three private, independent, nondenominational secondary schools which are college preparatory and three public secondary schools noted for high graduation rates and offering numerous advanced placement courses.

The feelings expressed by both public and private school participants in this study testify to equally high degrees of autonomy. Issues that emerged from data analysis in this study which mitigate and shape autonomy include the following: conflicting and contradictory demands, shared beliefs, layers of protection, a system of laws, funding constraints and matters of size of the institution. These issues challenge oversimplified assertions that differences of any importance exist between the autonomy experienced by professionals in public and private high schools. This study reveals the complexity of the concept of autonomy and challenges the myth that teachers and principals in private schools enjoy autonomy and freedom from democratic bureaucracy that their public school counterparts do not.


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Author Biography

Sandra Rubin Glass, Arizona State University

Sandra Rubin Glass is a Faculty Associate in the College of Education at Arizona State University where she received her PhD in Educational Leadership & Policy Studies in 1993. Her M.A. (1974) in the Teaching of Earth Sciences is from Northeastern Illinois University; her Bachelors degree (1968) is from National-Louis University (formerly National College of Education). Dr. Glass holds an appointment in the Office of Professional Field Experiences at ASU where she develops and implements training and workshops for student and beginning teachers. She is a former teacher and administrator in both public and private schools, and once taught on the Navajo Indian Reservation.




How to Cite

Glass, S. R. (1997). Markets & Myths: Autonomy in Public & Private Schools. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 5, 1.