The Allures and Illusions of Modernity:Technology and Educational Reform in Egypt


  • Mark Warschauer University of California, Irvine



Egypt, Reform Efforts, Technological Advancement


Much of the research to date on educational technology has focused on its implementation in wealthy countries. Yet instructional technology has a special allure in the developing world, where it holds the promise not just of improving schools but also of hastening modernization. This article examines a national educational technology effort in Egypt, illuminating the contradictions between the rhetoric of reform and the reality of school practices. The analysis points to underlying political, cultural, and economic factors that constrain attempts to improve Egyptian schooling with technology.


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Author Biography

Mark Warschauer, University of California, Irvine

Mark Warschauer is Vice Chair and Associate Professor of the Department of Education at the University of California, Irvine and the editor of Language Learning & Technology journal. His research focuses on the uses of information and communication technologies with culturally and linguistically diverse learners. His most recent book is Technology and Social Inclusion: Rethinking the Digital Divide (MIT Press, 2003). He can be reached through his Website at




How to Cite

Warschauer, M. (2003). The Allures and Illusions of Modernity:Technology and Educational Reform in Egypt. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 11, 38.