School choice and post hoc family preference in Spain: Do they match up?




school access, school segregation, parental preferences, social inequality


The process of school choice depends on a wide range of circumstances including those related to the accessibility to schools and parental preferences. This paper has three goals: (1) Identify whether the preferences for the different kinds of schools (public, publicly-funded private, or private) vary according to the family’s traits; (2) estimate the degree of concurrence between the kind of school their children attend and the kind of school the parents prefer a posteriori; and (3) identify which social groups demonstrate lower levels of concurrence. We used a sub-sample of people with children registered in compulsory grades or post-compulsory grades up to university from representative national survey (2012). Results show that post hoc school preferences differ by educational level, economic status, religious orientation, and size of town. Likewise, we find divergences between the school parents prefer and the school their children attend, something that occurs more frequently among those with less economic resources.


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Author Biographies

Jesús Rogero-García, Autonomous University of Madrid

Jesús Rogero-García, PhD, is Lecturer in the Department of Sociology at the Autonomous University of Madrid (Spain). His research interests include childcare, unpaid work, inequalities in education and adult care. He has participated in diverse competitive research projects related to these topics and has published in both national and international books and journals.

Mario Andrés-Candelas, Complutense University of Madrid

Mario Andrés-Candelas is Secondary School counselor at Escuela Ideo in Madrid and Associate Lecturer in the Faculty of Education at the Complutense University (Madrid, Spain). His research interest include inequalities in education, childhood from a rights-based approach, social education, excluded and/or exploited childhood and educational inclusion.




How to Cite

Rogero-García, J., & Andrés-Candelas, M. (2020). School choice and post hoc family preference in Spain: Do they match up?. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 28, 3.