Multilevel study about the explanatory variables of the results of Mexico in PISA 2015




Mexico, School effectiveness, Academic achievement, Achievement Tests


This study aims to analyze which student- and school-level context factors have a significant relationship with student achievement in the three competences assessed by PISA 2015 (Reading, Mathematics and Science) in Mexico. Through the use of multilevel modelling, we analyzed data from over 6 700 students from 189 schools, concluding that the factors with a higher impact on achievement are the average socioeconomic level of the school, having repeated a grade, and the grade the student is in at the time of the assessment. Likewise, through a logistic regression, the process variables related to school effectiveness were assessed, finding that only the following school-level ones had a significant impact: Teacher participation, Teacher support in science class, Teacher-directed science instruction.


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Author Biographies

Alicia Alelí Chaparro Caso López, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California

Doctora en Psicología por la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Investigadora del Instituto de Investigación y Desarrollo Educativo (IIDE) de la Universidad Autónoma de Baja California (UABC). Miembro del Sistema Nacional de Investigadores (SNI). Sus líneas de investigación se centran en la evaluación educativa, eficacia escolar y convivencia escolar.

Adriana Gamazo, Universidad de Salamanca

Licenciada en Psicología por la Universidad de Oviedo, y Licenciada en Psicopedagogía y Doctora en Educación por la Universidad de Salamanca. Miembro del Instituto Universitario de Ciencias de la Educación (IUCE) y del Grupo de Investigación Group of Interaction And e-Learning (GRIAL). Sus líneas de investigación están centradas en la evaluación educativa, los métodos de investigación en educación y el análisis de datos procedentes de evaluaciones a gran escala.



How to Cite

Chaparro Caso López, A. A., & Gamazo, A. (2020). Multilevel study about the explanatory variables of the results of Mexico in PISA 2015. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 28, 26.