Resilience in higher education: A conceptual model and its empirical analysis
Keywords:resilience, retention, higher education, phenomenology
This research analyzes how the resilience of higher education students is shaped during the undergraduate program by personal and contextual factors. In this research, the resilient student is one who faces a high burden of stress and/or adversity during their undergraduate course but manages to reach the end of the program satisfied and/or committed to the chosen career. Based on the literature review, we developed the Academic Resilience Model (ARM), which explains the sources of stress and/or adversity, as well as the protective mechanisms and/or factors that affect students throughout the program. We empirically test this model by conducting a phenomenology-based qualitative study at a public university in Brazil. The results of ARM validation indicate that the main sources of stress and/or adversity and protective mechanisms and/or factors come from individual, academic and external systems. Examples of sources of stress/adversity were the low initial motivation for the program, personal health problems, faculty didactic-pedagogical deficiency, difficulties in relationships with peers, and competing professional demands. On the other hand, the main protective mechanisms/factors identified were the capacity of adaptability, self-control, personal organization, good relationships with the faculty, integration with peers, and support of family. The research enabled identification of how resilience helps students to overcome barriers in higher education, generating important results for future education policies.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Samuel de Oliveira Durso, Luís Eduardo Afonso, Susan Beltman
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 License, whereby the author retains the copyright, and which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited, the changes to the work are identified, and the same license applies to the derivative work. Works prior to October 2019 will display a different license (CC-BY-NC-SA; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0)