OER “produsage” as a model to support language teaching and learning


  • Teresa MacKinnon University of Warwick
  • Sarah Pasfield-Neofitou Monash University




Open Educational Resources (OER), Creative Commons (CC), Intellectual Property (IP), instructional materials and practices, Copyright, higher education, public policy, Little OER, Produsage, soft power, foreign language learning, language arts education


Language education faculty face myriad challenges in finding teaching resources that are suitable, of high quality, and allow for the modifications needed to meet the requirements of their course contexts and their learners. The article elaborates the grassroots model of “produsage” (a portmanteau of “production” and “usage”) as a way of imagining a movement toward the use and creation of open educational resources (OER) for language learning. Through a set of examples of video resources that fill a need for authentically compelling language learning materials, the authors demonstrate the potential of produsage to engage teachers and learners around digital resources, to the benefit of language teaching and learning. In support of this grassroots model, the authors propose practices and policies to address challenges involved in engaging teachers and learners around OER in higher education.  


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Author Biographies

Teresa MacKinnon, University of Warwick

Teresa MacKinnon a Principal Teaching Fellow at the School of Modern Languages and Cultures, University of Warwick. With 30 years’ experience in language teaching and education management, Teresa finds the opportunities available to language teachers through technologies invigorating and challenging. Her website is https://sites.google.com/site/lamodification/

Sarah Pasfield-Neofitou, Monash University

Sarah is a lecturer in Japanese at Monash University, Melbourne, Australia, She also holds an adjunct position at the University of Warwick, UK, as an Honorary Associate Professor. Her main research interests are computer mediated communication (CMC), applied linguistics and sociolinguistics, particularly in the Japanese context. Her website is http://www.sarahpasfieldneofitou.com/




How to Cite

MacKinnon, T., & Pasfield-Neofitou, S. (2016). OER “produsage” as a model to support language teaching and learning. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 24, 40. https://doi.org/10.14507/epaa.24.1825



Models of Open Education in Higher Education