Teach For America, Relay Graduate School, and charter school networks: The making of a parallel education structure


  • Angus Shiva Mungal University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP)




Teacher For America, Relay Graduate School of Education, Alternative teacher preparation programs, charter school networks, education schools, parallel education structure, partnerships, market ideology, competition, innovation, choice


In New York City, a partnership between Teach For America (TFA), the New York City Department of Education (NYCDOE), the Relay Graduate School of Education (Relay), and three charter school networks produced a parallel education structure within the public school system. Driving the partnership and the parallel education structure are the free market ideologies that emerged in the late 1970s that helped to open education to outside organizations. This paper captures two intertwined phenomena; the formation of the parallel education structure and the various partnerships that helped built it. This has resulted in two unique pathways within the public school system. One pathway focuses upon local area conventional public schools that are administered by the NYCDOE. The other pathway represents failing local area public schools that are run by charter school networks. This paper looks beyond TFA’s current influence within the classroom and explores how market forces led to its role with other educational organizations.



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Author Biography

Angus Shiva Mungal, University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP)

Angus Shiva Mungal is an Assistant Professor in Educational Leadership and Policy Studies at The University of Texas at El Paso. He currently teaches and facilitates doctoral courses in Qualitative Research, Policy Analysis in Education and Educational Leadership and Diversity. He also facilitates a course on Leadership and Advocacy that sends researchers into the community to work with grassroots organizations dealing with marginalized groups. His research focuses are alternative teacher and leadership preparation, advocacy leadership, issues of social justice and educational policy as well as critical discourse analysis, and market ideology.




How to Cite

Mungal, A. S. (2016). Teach For America, Relay Graduate School, and charter school networks: The making of a parallel education structure. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 24, 17. https://doi.org/10.14507/epaa.24.2037



Teach For America: Research on Politics, Leadership, Race, and Education Reform