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Reforming the Japanese preschool system: An ethnographic case study of policy implementation

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Published: 2017-09-18

Authors

Akiko Hayashi

Meiji University

Joseph Tobin

Unviersity of Georgia

Keywords: Japan; Early Childhood Education; Reform; Bottom up; Ethnographic Case Study

Abstract

This is an ethnographic study of how two Japanese kindergartens are implementing the yōhoichigenka policy aimed at reforming the Japanese early childhood education system. The cases of these two kindergartens demonstrate what happens when a top-down mandate reaches the level of individual programs. The programs creatively find ways of responding to the reform mandate and to social change while maintaining what their administrators view as their pedagogical traditions. This paper also argues for the value of ethnographic methods to show how local programs are creative, resistant, and pragmatic in how they deal with top down pressures and directives. 

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Author Biographies

Akiko Hayashi

Meiji University

Akiko Hayashi is the assistant lecturer of Graduate School of Governance Studies at Meiji University. 

Joseph Tobin

Unviersity of Georgia

Joseph Tobin is the Hall Professor of Education at the University of Georgia. 

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Published: 2017-09-18

How to Cite

Hayashi, A., & Tobin, J. (2017). Reforming the Japanese preschool system: An ethnographic case study of policy implementation. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 25, 100. https://doi.org/10.14507/epaa.25.3213