Brazilian technology policies in education: History and lessons learned


  • José Armando Valente State University of Campinas (UNICAMP)
  • Maria Elizabeth Bianconcini de Almeida Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo



Public policy, educational technology, informatics in education, basic education, ICT, Four in Balance


Brazilian initiatives aimed at the insertion of information and communication technologies (ICT) in K-12 education took their first steps in the 1970s, when several countries focused their efforts on the use of ICT in the educational context. Since the early 1980s, a number of public policies have been created that have given rise to various projects and programs developed at the national level. The objective of the article is to analyze these policies using the Four in Balance model resignified for the Brazilian reality. The methodology is based on a study of documents. The EDUCOM Project, the Immediate Action Program in Informatics in Education, and the national programs, PRONINFE and ProInfo, were analyzed. The results show that these projects and programs did not always balance the axes of vision, teacher and manager training, digital educational resources and infrastructure, and cross-curricular evaluation and research. From this analysis it was possible to highlight some lessons and suggestions for future public policies related to the implementation of technologies in education.


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Author Biographies

José Armando Valente, State University of Campinas (UNICAMP)

Tenured Professor (retired) of the Department of Multimedia, Media, and Communication in the Institute of Arts (Departamento Multimeios, Mídia e Comunicação do Instituto de Artes), and Research Collaborator in the Nucleus for Informatics Applied to Education (Núcleo de Informática Aplicada à Educação - NIED), UNICAMP. Area of research: creating learning environments based on the use of digital technology for information and communication.

Maria Elizabeth Bianconcini de Almeida, Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo

Full Professor in Education (PUC-SP), Associate Professor of the Department of Education, Training, Management and Technologies of the College of Education (Departamento de Educação, Formação, Gestão e Tecnologias, da Faculdade de Educação) of PUC-SP. Area of research: technologies and teacher training, online education, curriculum and technology, web curriculum.



How to Cite

Valente, J. A., & Almeida, M. E. B. de. (2020). Brazilian technology policies in education: History and lessons learned. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 28, 94.




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