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The scope of student admissions by the Quotas Law: The case of the Federal University of Alfenas

PDF (Português)

Published: 2022-05-03

Authors

Ronaldo André Lopes

Universidade Federal de Alfenas

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7215-7101

Guilherme Henrique Gomes da Silva

Universidade Federal de Alfenas

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4166-2663

Keywords: affirmative action; higher education; quotas law

Abstract

In this paper, we highlight the scope of the Quotas Law at the Federal University of Alfenas in the period between 2014 and 2019. We analyzed the occupancy rate of vacancies and the racial profile of the freshmen in each year. We also carried out simulations on a scenario without the Quotas Law. Data consisted of information regarding enrollment of students through the Brazilian Unified Selection System. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and by an instrument that provided the percentage of students that would not enter in each program without the Quotas Law. Results highlight under-occupancy of the places addressed to Black and Indigenous students from public school system. This situation was more accentuated when was related to race and low income. Places addressed to students with disabilities were also under-occupied in the period. Still, the results show that the Quotas Law was responsible for racial diversity in this institution, since few Black students have entered the university through the broad competition category. Finally, the simulations showed that, in a scenario without the Quotas Law, students from the public school system would encounter greater obstacles to access this university, especially Black students. The most significant cut would be in programs in the biological sciences and health.

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Author Biographies

Ronaldo André Lopes

Universidade Federal de Alfenas

Professor de Matemática vinculado à Secretaria de Estado de Educação de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Possui licenciatura em Matemática e Mestrado em Educação, ambos pela Universidade Federal de Alfenas, Brasil.

Guilherme Henrique Gomes da Silva

Universidade Federal de Alfenas

Docente do Instituto de Ciências Exatas e do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Educação da Universidade Federal de Alfenas, Brasil. Seus interesses de pesquisa se relacionam as possibilidades de engajamento da educação matemática em questões sociais, utilizando, para tanto a perspectiva da Educação Matemática Crítica. Atualmente, tem se dedicado em compreender os principais elementos que favorecem a permanência e o progresso acadêmico de estudantes pertencentes a grupos sub-representados no ensino superior, nos mais diversos espaços onde acontecem os processos de ensino e aprendizagem da matemática. Possui doutorado em Educação Matemática pela Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), campus de Rio Claro-SP, Brasil.

PDF (Português)

Published: 2022-05-03

How to Cite

Lopes, R. A., & da Silva, G. H. G. (2022). The scope of student admissions by the Quotas Law: The case of the Federal University of Alfenas. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 30, (60). https://doi.org/10.14507/epaa.30.6370