The paradoxes of the History and Social Sciences University Selection Test: Dilemmas and curricular and pedagogical decisions of Chilean teachers

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Abstract

This paper presents the results of a case study that delved into the curricular and pedagogical dilemmas and decisions of three Chilean teachers who prepare their students to take the University Selection Test (PSU) in History, Geography and Social Sciences. The cases were three teachers who work in diverse socio-economic and institutional contexts, and who in the same academic year, teach two courses of the subject: one oriented to the preparation of the PSU and another that is free of this pressure. In order to describe and compare the curricular and pedagogical decisions they make in both settings, their classes were observed, the teaching material was collected, and their students were interviewed. To delve into the curricular and pedagogical dilemmas posed by the PSU, an interview was conducted with each teacher. The results of the study show that the PSU of History, Geography and Social Sciences force curricular and pedagogical decisions that are in contradiction with teacher's convictions, with the pedagogical needs of their students, and with the educational purposes declared in the curriculum of the subject. Also, their students are aware of these contradictions and of the frustration that they generate in their teachers.

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How to Cite
Gazmuri, R., Toledo, M. I., Muñoz, E., & Ocampo, S. (2022). The paradoxes of the History and Social Sciences University Selection Test: Dilemmas and curricular and pedagogical decisions of Chilean teachers. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 30, (124). https://doi.org/10.14507/epaa.30.6706
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Author Biographies

Renato Gazmuri, Universidad Diego Portales

Licenciado en historia, Universidad Católica de Chile. Máster y Doctor en didáctica de la historia y las ciencias sociales por la Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona. Profesor asociado Facultad de Educación, Universidad Diego Portales.

María Isabel Toledo, Universidad Diego Portales

Antropóloga y Licenciada en antropología, Universidad de Chile, Chile; Doctora en ciencias de la educación por la Universidad Católica de Lovaina, Bélgica. Profesora titular de la Escuela de Psicología, Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Diego Portales.  

Evelyn Muñoz, Universidad Diego Portales

Licenciada en educación con mención en historia y profesora de historia, geografía y educación cívica, Universidad Metropolitana de Ciencias de la Educación. Magíster en educación mención currículum y evaluación por la Universidad de Santiago de Chile. Profesora asistente Facultad de Educación, Universidad Diego Portales.

Sofía Ocampo, Universidad Diego Portales

Licenciada en historia, Universidad de Chile. Profesora de historia y ciencias sociales, Universidad Diego Portales. Magister en intervenciones sociales y educativas por la Universidad de Barcelona. Ayudante de investigación, Facultad de Educación, Universidad Diego Portales.