Assessment of the redistributive equity of the new FUNDEB model
This article systematizes research results on the production potential of educational equity in the Brazilian federative arrangement, resulting in the Union’s supplementary and redistributive action under the normative regime of the new Fund for the Maintenance and Development of Basic Education and Valorization of Education Professionals - FUNDEB. Based on subsets of indicators that measure equity in funding such as dispersion of student/year values, raising the minimum poverty limit, and progressivity of resource transfer (through the Equity Indicator in the Redistribution of Educational Resources - IERRE), it is estimated that the new model of Complementation of the Union to FUNDEB will result in greater equity in the financing of basic education in 2022, based on three strands of analysis. In relation to the FUNDEB format in 2020, the new complementation produces dispersion in the total student value/year (VAAT) 14% lower, growth of 31% in the minimum VAAT and progressivity measured by IERRE slightly higher (even if the number of federative entities benefited has been increased).
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Copyright (c) 2022 Alexsandro do Nascimento Santos, Caio de Oliveira Callegari, Antonio Cesar Russi Callegari
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