Entrenched disadvantage and the internationalization of education: A review of the Science without Border Program in Brazil

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Abstract

Brazil has focused on internationalization of the higher education sector, in response to trends across the globe. The main program for promoting internationalization was the Science without Borders program. The paper analyses Brazilian international mobility from a regional perspective, particularly reviewing how inequality affected access to fellowships. The Northeast Region, which historically records higher poverty indicators than the South and Southeast regions, showed average growth statistically equal to the Southeast Region. By comparing access to scholarships and fellowships between the two largest regions of Brazil, this paper sought to analyze any structural change between the Southeast region and the Northeast. The Science without Borders (Ciência sem Fronteira, in Portuguese) program has achieved considerable results. In the first four years of the program, completed student exchange programs increased by 1,620% (i.e., 2011-2014). Despite this, the structure of unequal regional access remained. Using the hypothesis test methodology T for means with different variances, it was possible to evaluate at a significance level of 95%. The two largest regions in Brazil maintained the unequal profile of access to the program. The conclusion is that the growth in the offer of scholarships for internationalization between 2010 and 2019 has not changed the unequal regional profile of access to public education services in Brazil.

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How to Cite
Barbosa, R. S., Adefila, A., & Garcia , M. L. T. (2022). Entrenched disadvantage and the internationalization of education: A review of the Science without Border Program in Brazil. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 30, (172). https://doi.org/10.14507/epaa.30.7211
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Author Biographies

Rafael Silva Barbosa, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo (UFES)

Rafael led the development of this work over the last three years. He was a young researcher, committed to research practice that was purposeful and impactful on policy and social norms. Rafael was committed to making evaluation about inequalities visible. His research connections included a broad network of interdisciplinary scholars. He will be dearly missed by all his colleagues in the UK, Brazil, and around the world.

Arinola Adefila, Coventry University

Arinola’s research focuses on capturing and evaluating the transformational impact education has on individuals and society. She has a strong belief in continuous lifelong and lifewide learning. Her current research is around developing pedagogies for enhancing transdisciplinary education in diverse spaces and formats.

Maria Lúcia Teixeira Garcia, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo

Maria Lúcia has a PhD in Psychology (USP/Brazil). Titular professor at Department of Social Work and of the Graduate Programme in Social Policy, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Espírito Santo, Brazil. Fellowship of research productivity (PQ) granted by the national council for scientific and technological development (CNPq).