ICT in the design of educational policies. The case of Mexico

María Cristina López de la Madrid, Katiuzka Flores Guerrero, Cecilia Tejeda Mercado


The introduction and use of information and communication technologies have been a recurrent topic of debate, as these technologies have become attached to the lives of more than half of the world's population. However, the use of technology in the education sector does not occur automatically, one of the references to guide the processes of its introduction have been the policies dictated by the governments, where actions, strategies, objectives, and goals are reflected, this allows us to identify a way forward by defining a more tangible and in some cases, prospective route. Based on the above, the objective of this work was to determine which have been the main guidelines that have marked the course of ICT in education in Mexico, and their reflection in specific actions. For this purpose, a qualitative research process was carried out with a systematic review on the internet and a documentary analysis, with the review of national education programs, and various documents on the main ICT programs of the last 30 years. Recurring axes were identified in each period, as well as lags and lack of continuity from one program to another. The importance that educational policies have had to direct the course of the use of ICT in basic education in Mexico is recognized, but also the gaps and shortcomings that have arisen in each six-year period.


Educational policies; educational system; information and communication technologies; ICT projects

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14507/epaa.29.4408

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