Political will for inclusive and equitable education: Analyzing its meaning over time
Keywords:inclusive education, inclusion, educational inclusion, equity, education policy, law
This theoretical article addresses the question of the commitment of international educational policy to an inclusive and equitable quality education for all people as a fundamental right. The implemented methodology was a review of publications from international organizations and scientific articles from different reference databases, such as Latindex, Erih and Dialnet, between the years 2010-2020. The selected articles and reports have been categorized by different topics that provided understanding to the field of inclusive education, which has allowed the analysis and the results that are presented hereunder. Firstly, the beginnings and development of Inclusive Education are described, collecting the main milestones related to education as a right and placing special emphasis on those milestones of greatest relevance. Subsequently, the different and complementary perspectives regarding inclusive education have been synthetized and analysed, arguing that there are different causes that foster the development of this right. Thus, an attempt is made to delimit the meaning of inclusion, educational inclusion and/or inclusive education, reaching consensus or agreements endorsed by the literature. Conclusions highlight that inclusive education has to be based on equity and the importance of educational policies being committed to this challenge of guaranteeing an inclusive and equitable education for all people.