Who, how and what is investigated in a commercialized educational system? A metaanalysis of research on educational policy in post-dictatorship Chile (1990-2019)

Main Article Content

Abstract

Starting from the idea that research and who carry it out affect the construction of the educational system, this article seeks to describe and understand what the main patterns of academic publication on educational policy in post-dictatorship Chile (1990–2019) are. Through a systematic review of more than 300 articles about educational policy, the paper analyzes who publish, the methods used and what has been investigated during the last three decades. The results show that research on educational policy is characterized by being a masculinized and individualized space, dominated by elite universities and characterized for a disciplinary autonomy. In addition, research in educational policy is highly descriptive and tends to use a qualitative approach as a way of approaching the phenomena it studies. Finally, it is observed that, even though most of the studies have a critical stance towards the market, in general they seek to correct it rather than remove it. This exercise allows deepening the reflection on the reconfiguration of the relationship between research and educational policy, as well as the mechanisms of influence that educational researchers develop on educational policy.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Villalobos, C., & Pereira Mardones, S. (2022). Who, how and what is investigated in a commercialized educational system? A metaanalysis of research on educational policy in post-dictatorship Chile (1990-2019). Education Policy Analysis Archives, 30, (160). https://doi.org/10.14507/epaa.30.7515
Section
Articles
Author Biographies

Cristobal Villalobos, Centro de Políticas y Prácticas en Educación (CEPPE UC)

Doctor en Ciencias Sociales por la Universidad de Chile. Magíster en Economía Aplicada a las Políticas Públicas por la Universidad Alberto Hurtado y la Georgetown University. Sociólogo y Trabajador Social por la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. Actualmente, es Subdirector del Centro de Estudios de Políticas y Prácticas en Educación (CEPPE UC) de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile en Santiago, Chile. Sus intereses de investigación están especialmente focalizados en la política educativa, la inequidad y la calidad educacional, la formación cívica y ciudadana de la niñez y la juventud, los movimientos sociales de la educación y la equidad en la educación superior.

Sebastian Pereira, Centro de Políticas y Prácticas en Educación (CEPPE UC)

Sociologist, Pontifical Catholic University of Chile. He currently works as a research assistant at the Center for Policies and Practices in Education (CEPPE UC) of the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile. As a researcher at CEPPE UC, he has participated in qualitative and quantitative applied research projects related to educational policies and teacher professional development.