Latin America in unstable and uncertain contexts: Analysis and perspectives about education and work for the new generations.

Pablo Aparicio Castillo

Abstract


Enforcement of the structural political reforms in Latin America during the decade of the 90s paradigmatically reshaped the social space affecting the processes of social participation and the inclusion of the youth in the educational system and work market. In this context, the structural social inequality, along with the stratification of opportunities for social participation constrain the ways in which the youth live and confronting the individual and collective forms of social inclusion. Since the restoration of progressive political groups (the new Left Latin America), there have been more opportunities for greater public intervention in the areas of school attendance, as well as economic policies for social compensation to surpass the remaindered educational and social exclusion. Nevertheless, the lack of visibility of many of those opportunities contributed to restrict the effectivization of rights and demands of education and labor, and has made it difficult for advancements towards a greater inclusion and social cohesion, especially for the unaware and vulnerable. 


Keywords


youth; education; processes of transition; work market; social stratification; economic inequality; Latin America



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14507/epaa.v22n39.2014

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