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Seeing through transparency in education reform: Illuminating the “local”

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Published: 2016-08-29

Authors

Jill Koyama

Associate Professor, Educational Policy Studies and Practice, University of Arizona

http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0990-4930

Brian Kania

Doctoral student, Educational Culture, Policy, and Society, University at Buffalo, SUNY

Keywords: transparency; networks; politics; reform

Abstract

Utilizing “assemblage,” a notion associated with Actor-Network Theory (ANT), we explore what discourses of transparency can, and cannot, accomplish in a network of education reform that includes schools, government agencies, and community organizations. Drawing on data collected between July 2011 and March 2013 in an ethnographically-informed case study, we interrogate the ways in which notions of transparency illuminate, and also conceal, information, as well as reveal how they reorder power dynamics and relationships, impacting what it legitimized as reform in a city in Western New York. We problematize the linkages between the political conditions in which mandatory transparency and accountability in schooling become connected to voluntary transparency in local education reform, and we examine the investment made by schools and reform organizations in using transparency as a proxy for meeting accountability demands and establishing education expertise. The findings show that discourses and enactments of transparency can be effective in drawing targeted and repeated attention to select things, such as funding inequities. However, such discourses can also be utilized to obscure other issues, such as persistent disparities in academic achievement by race. When used synonymously with accountability, transparency can, and is, incorrectly positioned as an education solution.

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Author Biographies

Jill Koyama

Associate Professor, Educational Policy Studies and Practice, University of Arizona

Much of Jill Koyama’s work centers on the networked politics and policy of education, especially as they are accessed, challenged, and reshaped by those not assigned official policymaking status or power. Her research is situated across three integrated strands of inquiry: the productive assemblage of education policy; the controversies of globalizing education policy; and the politics of language policy and immigrant and refugee education.

Brian Kania

Doctoral student, Educational Culture, Policy, and Society, University at Buffalo, SUNY

Brian Kania’s current research traces the linkages between contemporary education reform movements, technocratic policy initiatives and changes in the modality and function of the state. He is particularly interested in economic inequality and the intersections of social class, economic development and educational policies.

PDF

Published: 2016-08-29

How to Cite

Koyama, J., & Kania, B. (2016). Seeing through transparency in education reform: Illuminating the “local”. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 24, 90. https://doi.org/10.14507/epaa.24.2379