Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Is the Common Core racing America to the top? Tracking changes in state standards, school practices, and student achievement

PDF

Published: 2017-04-10

Authors

Jaekyung Lee

University of Buffalo, SUNY

Yin Wu

University at Buffalo-SUNY

Keywords: Common Core; alignment; achievement; NAEP; NCLB; proficiency standards

Abstract

This study examines the trends of the U.S. states’ reading and math proficiency standards before and after the adoption of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and explores their impact on school practices and student achievement. Drawing on the 2003-15 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) grades 4 and 8 assessment and survey datasets, the study gives new insights into the CCSS policy challenges and outcomes. The states that adopted CCSS raised the rigor of proficiency standards for their student assessments, reversing ‘race to the bottom’ trend during the earlier period of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). However, the CCSS states failed to improve schools’ alignment of ELA and math programs with state/district assessments and also failed to improve students’ reading and math achievement more than the non-CCSS counterparts. The Common Core has helped America race to the top for performance standards, but not for performance outcomes yet.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Jaekyung Lee

University of Buffalo, SUNY

Jaekyung Lee is the Dean and Professor of the Graduate School of Education at the University at Buffalo, SUNY. His research interests include education policy, testing, and comparative education.

Yin Wu

University at Buffalo-SUNY

Yin Wu is a Ph.D. Candidate in Educational Psychology and Quantitative Methods at the University at Buffalo-SUNY. Her research interests are in the areas of educational equity, higher education learning outcome assessment, and career development of college students.

PDF

Published: 2017-04-10

How to Cite

Lee, J., & Wu, Y. (2017). Is the Common Core racing America to the top? Tracking changes in state standards, school practices, and student achievement. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 25, 35. https://doi.org/10.14507/epaa.25.2834