Discourse analysis of LGBT speech: Discursive formations and the constitution of subjects and meanings

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Abstract

This article discusses the interpretive gestures of LGBT subjects and their identification processes. It also performs a discursive listening of their statements about themselves and conditions of production and analyzes the processes by which subjects and meanings are (un)done, considering the constitutive heterogeneity of the statement. We then  pose the questions: How do LGBT subjects produce statements about themselves? What meanings are evident when they are invited to talk about their experiences? What does it mean to be part of this group? The main theoretical framework was based on the works of Michel Pêcheux (1997, 2024), among others. The empirical work involved semi-structured interviews addressed to two gay men, a bisexual woman, and a non-binary transvestite who identified herself as pansexual, aged between 20 and 50 years. We conclude that, affected, in a contradictory and tense way by normativity and by the insistence to exist despite it, the subjects are constituted from their identification, or not, with circulating knowledge in antagonistic discursive formations that are a manifestation of an ideological formation of customs. From the relation of forces between the discursive formations, effects of purge, curtailment, hope and humanity resonate.

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How to Cite
Fiss, D. M. L., & Vieira, L. C. (2021). Discourse analysis of LGBT speech: Discursive formations and the constitution of subjects and meanings. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 29(August - December), 164. https://doi.org/10.14507/epaa.29.6316
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Author Biographies

Dóris Maria Luzzardi Fiss, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul

Graduated (Full Degree) in Portuguese/English Letters and respective Literatures from the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul, Masters and Doctorate in Education from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul. Associate Professor III in the Department of Education and Curriculum at the Faculty of Education and Permanent Professor of the Graduate Program in Education at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul. Head of the Department of Education and Curriculum (2020-2022). Leader of the Research Group on Education and Discourse Analysis/GPEAD (UFRGS/CNPq). Member of the Research Group at the Center for Studies on Access and Permanence in Education (Instituto Federal Fluminense / CNPq).

Lucas Carboni Vieira, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul

Degree in Pedagogy, Master and Doctorate in Education at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul. Participant of the Research Group on Education and Discourse Analysis/GPEAD (UFRGS/CNPq). Teacher of the Initial Years in the Private Teaching Network of Porto Alegre.